Minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy for the treatment of complicated renal calculi

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Author:
ZHANG Yong-ke(Department of Urology, The People's Hospital of Gaoming District,Foshan 528500, China)
LONG Qi(Department of Urology, The People's Hospital of Gaoming District,Foshan 528500, China)
LU Qian-hui(Department of Urology, The People's Hospital of Gaoming District,Foshan 528500, China)
Journal Title:
CHINA CLINICAL PRACTICAL MEDICINE
Issue:
Volume 04, Issue 12, 2010
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn 1673-8799.2010.12.36
Key Word:
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy;Renal calculi;Minimally invasive operation

Abstract: Objective To explore the safety, feasibility and superiority of minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy(MPCNL) in treating complicated renal calculi. Methods 106 patients suffering from complicated renal calculi were treated with 121 MPCNL. Results 89 cases underwent MPCNL with single tract ,29 cases with two tracts and 3 cases with three tracts in 106 patients. Renal calculi were cleared completely in 90 patients with one-staged MPCNL, 11 patients with two-staged MPCNL but 5 patients had residual renal calculi and treated with extracorporal shock wave lithotripsy(ESWL) afterwards. 92. 6% calculi free-rate was achieved. Average operation time was 91 minutes,bleeding ranged from 100 to 900 ml and 5 patients accepted 200~400 ml blood. There were no severe complications in all patients. Conclusion MPCNL is a minmally invasive, safe and effective operation for comlicated renal calculi.

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