Early event-related potential components in face perception reflect the sequential neural activities

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YANG Yuan(Department of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China;Télécom ParisTech, CNRS UMR 5141 LTCI, Paris 75013, France)
GU Guan(Department of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China)
GUO Hong(Department of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China;Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Belting 100084, China)
QIU Yi-Hong(Department of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China)
Journal Title:
Volume 63, Issue 02, 2011
Key Word:
electroencephalography;event-related potential;phase synchrony

Abstract: Event-related potential (ERP) studies report that early components P120, N170 and VPP are associated with face process-ing. Several lines of evidence suggest that VPP is the positive counterpart of N 170, and they are generated by the same brain sources.However, whether P120 has a negative counterpart and the relations among these early components (i.e. P120, N170, VPP) remainunclear. In this study, the scalp electroencephalogram was recorded when the subjects passively viewed different stimuli, and ERP was calculated. The synchronization of electroencephalography signals between fronto-central and bilateral occipitotemporal sites was evaluated, and independent component analysis was employed to seek the face-sensitive independent components and their corre-sponding sources. We found that P 120 had the negative counterpart, i.e., VN 120; moreover, VN 120-VPP and P 120-N 170 complexes were generated by the same sources located in fusiform gyrus, which reflected the same sequential neural activities of face processing.

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