The role of MDR1 gene in volume-activated chloride currents in pigmented ciliary epithelial cells

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Journal Title:
Volume 54, Issue 01, 2002
Key Word:
epithelial cells;chloride channels;oligonucleotides, antisense;gene expression;genes;MDR

Abstract: The role of multidrug resistance (MDR1) gene in the activation of volume-activated chloride currents in bovine pigmented ciliary epithelial (PCE) cells was investigated by the patch-clamp technique, the antisense approach, the immunofluorescent technique and the confocal microscopy. PCE cells express P-glycoprotein (P-gp, the product of MDR1 gene). An MDR1 antisense oligonucleotide suppressed MDR1 expression (93% reduction of P-gp immunofluorescence), delayed the activation of a volume-activated chloride current (latency prolonged by 109%), reduced the activation rate by 62% and decreased the peak value of the current by 56%. The transfection reagent lipofectin and the mismatch control oligonucleotide did not significantly affect the current. The data indicate that the volume-activated chloride current is associated with the endogenous expression of MDR1 gene in PCE cells.

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