Experience in first-aid and rescue for the ‘SHENJIU' astronauts in the landing site

( views:383, downloads:0 )
Author:
LIU Zhi-guo(Center for Special Medicine, The 306 Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100101,China)
YANG He-ming(Center for Special Medicine, The 306 Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100101,China)
WANG Rui-juan(Center for Special Medicine, The 306 Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100101,China)
NIU En-xi(Center for Special Medicine, The 306 Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100101,China)
JIA Fu-kun(Center for Special Medicine, The 306 Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100101,China)
CHANG Hong(Center for Special Medicine, The 306 Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100101,China)
CUI Shao-jie(Center for Special Medicine, The 306 Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100101,China)
LI Lu(Center for Special Medicine, The 306 Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100101,China)
GAO Tie-shan(Center for Special Medicine, The 306 Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100101,China)
FANG Wei-wu(Center for Special Medicine, The 306 Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100101,China)
WU Ji-gong(Center for Special Medicine, The 306 Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100101,China)
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine
Issue:
Volume 21, Issue 10, 2012
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.1671-0282.2012.10.008
Key Word:
Astronaut; Injury; First-aid; Air transportation ; Medical service ; Medical safeguard

Abstract: Objective To discuss the experience of medical treatment and rescue of the ‘SHENZHOU' astronauts in the landing place in the past 10 years,and to establish more effective mobile ICU in medical helicopters to ensure ‘SHENJIU' astronauts safety.Methods The data collected from foreign nations and our country was reviewed.Formerly experience in first-aid and rescue astronauts of our team was summerized.The important reasons of accidental injuries of astronaut during aerospace flight were listed.More effective and reasonable prophylactic measurements and clinical treatments of the accidental injuries of astronauts were brought forward.Results we established three effective mobile ICU that could ensure the safety of the astronauts.The carriers of the ICU were helicopters,and damage control surgery can be performed there.Fine armature made us more effective.Conclusions Reasonable and effective prophylactic measurements and clinical treatments were the important aspect of the successful manned aerospace flight.The first-aid system in helicopters could realize the destination of swift response and first-aid.

  • [1]刘志国.载人交会对接任务航天员医疗救护培训教程[M]//第三篇临床医学知识.北京:解放军出版社,2012.
  • [2]岳茂兴,邹德威,张坚,等.神舟六号飞船主着陆场的医疗卫勤保障[J].中华急诊医学杂志,2005,14 (12):973-977.
  • [3]Kurada I, Young LR, Fitts DJ. Summary of the international workshop on human factors on space[J]. Aviat Space Environ Med,2000,71 (9Suppl):A3-5.
  • [4]梁宏,贡司光.航天毒理学面临的挑战及其对策[J].中华航空航天医学杂志,2001,12 (2):126-128.
  • [5]刘志国.航天员出舱活动飞行任务医疗救护培训教程[M]//第三篇临床医学知识.北京:解放军出版社,2008.
  • [6]Kyle Copelanda, Herbert H.,Sauerb et al. Cosmic radiation exposure of aircraft occupants on simulated high-latitude flights during solarproton eventsfrom 1 January 1986 through 1 January 2008[J].Advances in Space Research,2008,42 (6):1008-1029.
  • [7]虞学军.我国航天环境医学研究的实践与成就[J].航天医学与医学工程,2008,21 (3):188-191.
  • [8]岳茂兴.航天员医疗保障和救护[M].北京:国防工业出版社,2005:143-189.
  • [9]刘志国,邹德威,张坚,等.“神舟”七号主着陆场航天员的医疗保障和救护[J].中华急诊医学杂志,2009,18(1):14-16.
WanfangData CO.,Ltd All Rights Reserved
About WanfangData | Contact US
Healthcare Department, Fuxing Road NO.15, Haidian District Beijing, 100038 P.R.China
Tel:+86-010-58882616 Fax:+86-010-58882615 Email:yiyao@wanfangdata.com.cn