Advances in fungal mitochondrial genome project

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Author:
LIU Mu-sang(Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College,Nanjing 210042, China)
ZHENG Nan()
ZHANG Yuan()
LIU Wei-da(Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College,Nanjing 210042, China)
Journal Title:
International Journal of Dermatology and Venereology
Issue:
Volume 38, Issue 05, 2012
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-4173.2012.05.024
Key Word:
Fungi; Mitochondrial; Genome

Abstract´╝Ü Mitochondrial genome is a genetic marker for the identification and classification of fungi,and is also of great value to phylogenetic analysis in fungi.Canadian researchers have introduced the term of Fungal Mitochondrial Genome Project (FMGP) recently.Fungal mitochondrial genomes,which are closed circuar DNA ranging from 10 to 80 kb,usually include respiratory chain subunit gene,adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase complex subunit gene,ribosomal RNA and tRNA genes.Further more,fungal mitochondrial genomes are pleiomorphic and can serve as the DNA fingerprint of different fungal species in fungal discrimination,as well as in the classification and phylogenetic analysis of pathogenic fungi.

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