Application and assessment of sunscreens

( views:, downloads: )
LI Min()
LUO Dan()
Journal Title:
Volume 33, Issue 02, 2007
Key Word:


  • [1]Parisi AV,Wong JC,Kimlin MG,et al.Comparison between seasons of the ultraviolet environment in the shade of trees in Australia.Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed.2001.17(2):55-59.
  • [2]Chatelain E,Gabard B.Photostabi lization of butyl methoxy dibenzoylmethane (Avobenzone)and ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate by bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine (Tinosorb S),a new UV broadband filter.Photochem Photobiol,2001.74(3):401-406.
  • [3]Ullrich SE,Kim TH,Ananthaswa my al.Sunscreen effects on UV-induced immune suppression.J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc,1999,4(1):65-69.
  • [4]Nohynek GJ,Schaefer H.Benefit and risk of organic ultraviolet filters.Regul Toxicol Pharmacol,2001,33(3):285-299.
  • [5]Schaefer H,Moyal D,Fourtamier A.Recent advances in sun protection.Semin Cut Med Surg,1998.17(4):266-275.
  • [6]Ley RD,Fourtanier A.Sunscreen protection against ultraviolet radiation-induced pyrimidine dimers in mouse epidermal DNA.Photochem Photobiol,1997,65(6):1007-1011.
  • [7]Roenstein BS,Phelps RG.Weinstock al.p53 mutations in basal celI carcinomas arising in routine users of sunscreens.Photochem Photobiol.1999.70(5):798-806.
  • [8]Moloney FJ,Collins S,Murphy GM.Sunscreens:safety,efficacy and appropriate use.Am J Clin Dermatol.2002.3(3):185.
  • [9]Melody J.Eide,Martin A.Weinstock.Public Health Challenges in Sun Protection.Dermatol Clin 2006.24:119-124
  • [1O]Diffey B.Sunscreen isn't enough.J Photochem Photobiol B,2001.64(2-3):105-108.
  • [11]Diffey BL.When shou ld sunscreen be reapplied?J Am Acad Dermatol.2001.45(6):882-885.
  • [12]Nash JF.Human safety and efficacy of ultraviolet filters and sunscreen products.Dermatol Clin,2006,24(1):35-51.
  • [13]Darvay A,white IR,Rycroft RJ,et al.Photoallergic contact dermatitis is uncommon.Br JDermatol.2001,145(4):597-601.
  • [14]Cross SE,Jiang R,Benson HA,et al.Can increasing the viscosi ty Of formulations be used to reduce the human skin penetration of the sunscreen oxybenzone? J Invest Dermatol,2001,117(1):147-150.
  • [15]Diffey BL,Tanner PR,Matts PJ,et al.In vitro assessment of the broad-spectrum ultraviolet protection of sunscreen products.J Am Acad Dermatol.2000.43(6):1024-1035.
  • [16]Tran C,Sorg O,Carraux P,et al.A new model using liposomes that allow to distinguish between absorption and oxidative properties of sunscreens.Photochem Photobiol.2002.75(1):1-5.
  • [17]Sayre RM,Stanfield J,Lott DL,et al.Simplified method to substantiate SPF labeling for sunscreen products.Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed,2003,19(5):254-260.
  • [18]Diffey B.Has the sun protection factor had its day?BMJ,2000,320(7228):176-177.
  • [19]Kollias N,Bykowski JL Immediate pigment darkening thresholds of human skin to monochromatic(362 nm)ultraviolet A radiation are fluence rate dependent.Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed,1999,15(5):175-178.
  • [20]Moyal D,Chardon A,Kollias N.UVA protection efficacy of sunscreens can be determined by the persistent pigment darkening(PPD)method.(Part 2).Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed,2000.16(6):250-255.
WanfangData CO.,Ltd All Rights Reserved
About WanfangData | Contact US
Healthcare Department, Fuxing Road NO.15, Haidian District Beijing, 100038 P.R.China
Tel:+86-010-58882616 Fax:+86-010-58882615